Essentially, passive houses and buildings seek to maximize energy gains while minimizing their energy loss. The first step in achieving a passive house is to make sure that the air envelope of the house is extremely tight. The walls should be constructed in such a way that the excess steam passes through the walls but not the hot air.
A sealed air jacket will ensure that as much desired heat is retained in the home as possible. The heat inside the house comes mainly from the sun, from the use of the appliance and from body heat. This heat retention concept is especially useful during the winter months when keeping the heat inside the home is a priority for comfort. The orientation of a house is next in importance after the airtight envelope of the house. People can say that their house was designed using passive solar principles, which indicates that they oriented their house on a north-south axis with most of the windows facing south. Living area 2,376 ft2 + Garage 320 ft2 + Gazebo 220 ft2 -3 floors -4 bedrooms -2 bathrooms -1 bathroom Ceiling height: -Basement 9 ft -RDC 11 ft - Floor 9 ft Passive solar-type construction (harnessing the sun's energy without mechanical means no solar panels; concept of greenhouse effect and natural air conditioning) Double frame structure with 1 1/4 '' styrofoam cover Double wall insulation (R42) and thermal bridging Triple attic insulation (R92) Foundations insulated inside with urethane and outside with styrofoam (R32) Insulation of the rim joist with urethane (R42) Insulation under the concrete slab of the basement with urethane (R12) Single insulated and heated garage attached to the house Panoramic windows Triple glazing Hybrid aluminum / pvc windows Roof excess lengths calculated to let the sun's rays through in winter and to create shade in summer (warm house in winter and cool in summer) according to the principles passive solar houses Electric radiant floors in the basement, ground floor and upstairs bathroom Convectair upstairs Wood stove in the basement 2nd emergency electrical panel connected by gasoline generator Ceramic floor in the basement, on the ground floor and in the upstairs bathroom Red pine flooring upstairs Septic tank and septic tank approved 4 bedrooms 330 ft deep artesian well with premium submersible pump 2-layer oil-treated cedar exterior siding * Ready Seal Corners and lower parts of the exterior walls in real limestone masonry Cedar fascias Oil-Treated Spruce Soffits * Ready Seal Asphalt shingle roof Interior finish in solid pine Contemporary style with a lot of raw material worked Earthworks done Villa-style room configuration Alarm system